Asia-Pacific US military exercise tactics: within 24 hours of arrival to the world any of which

The US Marine Corps F-35B owned four aircraft landed in the Atlantic on the LHD-1 amphibious assault ship "Hornet"。
Vision China courtesy (profile picture) US military in recent years because of the changing strategic environment and the evolution of the form of war, and actively explore the many types of new operational concepts, promote the improvement of the use of force models, and relying Pacific region, particularly in the Western Pacific forefront of power system, with the diversification of troops using activity, active use of various types of new operational concepts and validate。 Recently, the US military two types of combat-proven quite seriously and drill new concepts: First, the US Air Force's "fast Raptor" concept; the other is the US Navy's "firepower enhanced version of the Expeditionary Strike Group" concept。 "Quick Raptor" highlight the flexible deployment of the concept of "fast Raptor" (RapidRaptor) concept, also known as "F-22 type aircraft rapid reaction force" concept, put forward in 2008 by two F-22 fighter pilot。 This concept requires the four F-22 and a C-17 type machine (equipped with the necessary maintenance and service personnel oil bomb equipment, etc.) to form a "rapid mobility group" includes within 24 hours of arrival of any one of the world's forward base, the ability to independently carry out attacks and air support missions within 72 hours。
US Air Force in 2013 formally adopted the concept and began a series of operational test and evaluation。 2017, the US Air Force to further develop on the basis of an "agile combat deployment," the notion that two F-22 type aircraft provide logistical and communications support syndrome of a C-17 type aircraft, to the forefront of rapid deployment airstrip, C-17 provided by the oil supply and communication relay projectile as the F-22。 In addition, the US Air Force in late 2015, also put forward the "fast X" concept, intended to "fast Raptor" fighter deployment model used to promote other than the F-22, a small task grouping, quick access to cutting-edge expand operations。
Deployment model the concept of "fast Raptor" and "agile combat deployment" Compared with the traditional large-scale fleet deployment mode, can significantly reduce deployment time, and reduce air refueling requirements and the number of troops involved in the deployment of。 In addition, the concept of "fast Raptor" and "agile combat deployment" has a significant advantage in the following three aspects: First, obvious advantages covert action。
F-22 and C-17 type machine composed of small task grouping took off from the same base, non-stop destinations expand operational readiness, half-way without having to transit, stops, after landing can be quickly deployed by C-17 provides a strong ability to reprint suddenly fuel, ammunition, maintenance, allegations, communications and other support to protect, can significantly shorten the task of preparing and planning time, and enhance the deployment of covert operations。
The second is the ability to highlight flexible response。
The concept of "fast Raptor" and "agile combat deployment" expand the choice of F-22 type aircraft forward bases to enhance the rapid mobility and response, and the US military deployment in the opponent under unclear circumstances, the implementation of the first enemy strike, after the task is completed or exposure can be deployed quickly evacuated, reducing the risk of combat was。
By implementing this deployment concept, the US military stealth aircraft can be dispersed more flexibly deploy US military bases, increasing capacity to respond to enemy firepower of concentrate。 The third is conducive to innovation mobile strike style。
US Air Force that the traditional deployment greatly reduces the tactical flexibility and operational tempo F-22 type aircraft, it is difficult to meet the global demand for rapid response operations。
In recent years, the US Air Force to accelerate its Asia-Pacific and Europe "quick Raptor" deployment exercise, to promote its development to combat direction, and intends to expand the scope of use of such a deployment mode, to further enhance the mobile strike capability and maintain air superiority and deter potential frontier opponent。
Once the future of the US military to promote the concepts used in the F-35, F-15, F-16 and other fighters as well as allied warplanes, combat capability of its emergency response for emergencies and crisis in the region will significantly increase。
"Expeditionary Brigade" concept optimization amphibious early January, US Navy, "Hornet" amphibious assault ship into the waters of the western Pacific, then "Dewey" and the "Sterrett No." missile destroyer arrived in the western Pacific, and "wasp No. "component 'firepower enhanced version of the expeditionary strike Group', and on March 5 implementation of F-35B vertical landing exercise near the East China sea, the US amphibious fleet to further enhance the comprehensive combat capability of air and sea。 "Expeditionary Strike Group" is the operational concept of amphibious landing ships for the US Navy to respond to the new core maritime operations form a "low intensity, land-based delivery by force," the proposed。
Each combat brigade by a "Wasp" class amphibious assault ship as the core, with two transport dock ship or dock landing ship, plus an escort, "Ticonderoga" class cruisers, a "Allie·Burke "class destroyers, a 'Perry' class frigates and an attack submarine Composition。
"Expeditionary Strike Group" With all kinds of helicopter fleet Wasp-class amphibious ships and two belong equipped, landing craft, will be carried by the troops as quickly delivered to the land, and by the Wasp class amphibious assault ship superior command control and communications capabilities as well as carrier-based aircraft to provide firepower to carry out military operations。
"Expeditionary Strike Group" has a strong offensive and defensive capabilities, can relieve the pressures of the US naval forces are facing forward presence。
In case of emergency, Expeditionary Strike Group and Carrier Strike Group is also in formation, ready to put into a regional war。
As commissioned by the Navy F-35B aircraft, the US Navy Pacific Fleet to further expand the original "Expeditionary Strike Group" concept, the proposed "enhanced firepower Expeditionary Strike Group"。 "Hornet" amphibious assault ship can carry up to 20 F-35B aircraft type, its comprehensive combat capability equivalent to a "light aircraft carrier"。 With F-35B air combat and support advantages for sea and air Wasp amphibious fleet of sea-to-ground strike capability and air defense capabilities will be significantly enhanced, and thus have the ability to carry out high-end war。 "Fire enhanced version of the Expeditionary Strike Group" concept will further optimize US military air defense, anti-submarine, surface warfare, ground attack and other operational capabilities and expand amphibious formation of task areas and operational depth, the amphibious ship fleet from a single login assault cluster development for multiple functional integrated maritime cluster operations, thus greatly enhancing the flexibility of the use of US military force at sea。
US to new operational concepts for future challenges through forward deployment and delivery capability to secure Global Vigilance, Global Reach is the US military has long been committed to achieving the goal of。
The beginning of the end of the Cold War, in the "superpower" asymmetric pattern, the US military to achieve this goal to some extent,。 But "9·After 11 "incident, the emerging powers and non-state actors rapid rise to US military dominance, in particular power projection capabilities constitute contain。
The US military believes that with the development of globalization and the widespread diffusion of information technology in the world, America's major competitors have gradually equipped with "anti-access / area denial" capabilities (A2 / AD), to form a more mature air defense missile defense, precision strike capability to effectively target US military threat。 To this end, the US military from the air and surface warfare domain are proposed two types of operational concepts。
The US military believes, "We need new operational concepts to solve the conflict on security。 "US military attaches great importance to 'fast Raptor' and 'enhanced firepower Expeditionary Strike Group' concept of operations。
After coming to be mature concepts will help the US military in the Asia-Pacific region continued to improve carrier strike groups, the operational effectiveness of the force Expeditionary Strike Group, stealth fleet, etc., and thus more likely to win the battlefield advantage。
In addition to these two important concepts of operation, the US military in recent years, also proposed a "combat drone bees," "Five machines based battle cloud" concept of operations, etc., but these concepts are still in the planning stage, not yet entered the stage of verification exercises。 In recent years, the US military to promote military transformation as the starting point, actively planning new war theory, put forward a large number of new concepts, new ideas and new perspectives, and focus on the concept of innovation as an important way to combat the ability to shape and design, emphasizing the proposed first, the concept "is a concept of operations", always put the focus on combat operations and winning the war。 Throughout the US military concept of operations in recent years hot push its strategic intent focused on the following three aspects: First, to further improve force projection model to improve operational efficiency; second is to strengthen the global commons entry and freedom of movement; third is to crack " anti-access / area denial "threat。 In essence, the US put forward a series of new operational concepts, reflecting the change of military ideology of new features and new trends, not only revolutionary changes in the military field "signs", but also the construction and transformation of military operations "navigation mark"。 Currently, the innovative concept of operations has become an important strategic starting point for the US military to promote the core fulcrum of innovation and seek to occupy the absolute dominance of military competition。 US forces continued to promote innovative operational concepts specific practices worthy of our attention。
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Deutsche Bank: the situation in Greece after the referendum four kinds roadmap

Night network, nightlife network Finance YORK, July 6 news, Greece on Sunday to hold a referendum on the international bailout creditors, voting results showed that more than 61.3% of Greek citizens oppose the rescue plan。This result means that Greece is likely to be forced out of the euro。German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande agreed to call for the convening of the euro zone summit to discuss the crisis in Greece on Tuesday。  Deutsche Bank (Deutsche Bank) by the scientists believe, after a referendum rejected the rescue plan proposed by the creditors, the Greek crisis unpredictable consequences and probabilities range surged again。  Deutsche Bank pointed out that the next few hours, the two sides willingness to resume negotiations and restart the conditions under which negotiations will be the next most important thing。After that, the pressure faced by the Greek economy and the public will gradually increase, the banking system is frozen, the more stringent capital controls。This will force Greece must quickly make a decision, in the end is to return to the negotiation track, or consider alternatives – out of the euro。  Deutsche Bank believes the situation could progress in the next four kinds roadmap: The first possibility: soft Agreement。Eurozone creditors to provide assistance protocol for significantly reducing conditions to Greece, but the least likely to think that Deutsche Bank。  The second possibility: default and stay in the euro。Greek default, but remain in the eurozone, other members of the Bank of Greece for direct recapitalization, while the Greek government only domestic resources to meet their financial needs。Deutsche Bank believes this is a low possibility of secondary cases。  A third possibility: to reach a new agreement。With the banking system shutdown caused by the economic and political costs continue to rise, the Greek government was replaced by radicals of a new national unity government, and reached a new aid agreement with creditors。  A fourth possibility: Greece out of the euro。Deutsche Bank economists believe that Greece out of the euro and the maximum likelihood third scenario, both the possibility of roughly。Therefore, if the four possibilities are taken into account, the probability of a Greek exit should be less than 50%。  But views differ from other institutions, after the referendum results came out, JP Morgan Chase (JP Morgan) that Greece out of the euro has risen to two-thirds probability, Barclays Bank (Barclays) also believe that Greece out of the euro is a high probability event。(Shofu compilation)

Deutsche Bank: Greece will not default 4 Reasons

Night network, nightlife network Finance YORK, May 12 news, Tuesday 7 Greece needs to repay IMF [microblogging] (IMF [microblogging]).500 million euros loans, and loans Greece needs throughout the year to the IMF and the European Central Bank [microblogging] to repay nearly $ 12 billion。Due to the depletion of cash, fears that Greece may not be able to repay the loan, which appeared in some form of risk of default and bring Greece out of the euro。  But the German newspaper Der Welle published an article entitled "Greece can not exit the euro", saying even a small problem in Greece appear to pay creditors in Europe, the event will not lead Greece out of the euro, Greece out of the euro is not impossible things to avoid。The article cites Deutsche Bank (Deutsche Bank) HEINEN Nicolaus analyst's point of view, he believes that Greece will not default, mainly based on the following four reasons: 1. Risk of infection。80% of Greek government bonds in the hands of eurozone members, if Greece defaults, will lead the Greek government bonds plummeted, so that eurozone members suffered losses; 2. European Central Bank funding。The European Central Bank may continue to inject liquidity to Greek banks to help Greece in the short term refinancing; 3. Geopolitical factors。As an outpost in the eastern Mediterranean, Greece is not an option for Europe; 4. Capricious is a good sign。HEINEN said: "The Greek government's actions seem capricious, but this may show the level of devastation in Greece prospects may be less than half of media publicity。"But that does not mean that Greece did not worth worrying about。  According to the "Wall Street Journal" reported that, taking into account the risk of contagion of the Greek problem, IMF said it "is working with South-East European governments to develop contingency plans on a Greek default" because "there may not be able to reach an agreement to continue aid to Greece."。  The article also noted that the National Bank of Greece, Alpha Bank, Piraeus Bank and the European Bank Ergasias has about 20 percent of banking assets in Bulgaria, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, while these banks in Romania, Albania and Serbia also has a branch, once people in these areas feel they have the risk of deposits in Greek banks could panic and run。But Joerg Decressin, deputy director of the IMF's European division said it is difficult to quantify the scale。(Shofu compilation)